One of the few plants with white sap that are edible. Abstract: Background: Sonchus oleraceus is a large and widespread plant in the world. Sonchus oleraceus in Latin means hollow (sonchus) cooking vegetable (olraceus). . Sonchus oleraceus L. 1753. pronounced: SON-kuss awl-ur-RAY-see-us (Asteraceae — the daisy family)common names: sow thistle, milk thistle. Sonchus is from the Greek word σονχος (sonchos), used by botanists for the sow-thistle; oleraceus is a Latin adjective meaning ‘vegetable’. The perennial sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis) is often confused with the annual sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). Introduction. Where: yards, fields, disturbed areas, sunny A passage from Wild Edible Plants of Texas: A weedy non–native annual, look for the Sow thistle in disturbed soils such as vacant lots, walkway sides, grassy park edges, and secondary roadsides. 1. L (SO) is a traditional edible wild herb in China. Sonchus oleraceus showed the best prebiotic effect and was the only plant to stimulate all the probiotics including B. longum. It is edible to humans as a leaf vegetable and is also used as a folklore medicinal herb in the treatment of infections and inflammatory disease, but limited research on its chemical constituents has been done. Background: Sonchus oleraceus is a large and widespread plant in the world. A spicy green whose Greek name, sinapi, sounds like its Latin nomenclature. Sonchus comes from Greek and means "hollow", a reference to its hollow stem. Scientific name: Sonchus oleraceus Abundance: plentiful What: leaves, stems, roots How: Young leaves in salads, steamed or boiled; stems can be peeled then steamed like asparagus; roots are very bitter and generally considered to be edible in dire circumstances after roasting or boiling; coffee can be made from roasted roots. Sonchus oleraceus, or Sowthistle, is a genus of annual herbs, considered a winter and summer weed, and includes several species that are common in nurseries and landscapes.Most of the species are annual herbs, but a few are perennial and a few are even woody. The name of the genus, Sonchus, is derived from the Greek word for hollow, and bears allusion to the hollow nature of the succulent stems, while oleraceus refers to its good taste. It has a short taproot, and deeply lobed leaves. The epithet sepcific oleraceus is of Latin origin and consists of the root oler = vegetable and the adjective sufix for names aceus = similar to, that is, similar to vegetable vegetables. Analyses of the nutritional composition of tender leaves of three species of Sonchus (S.asper L, S oleraceus L and S tenerrimus L) from different locations in the south east of Spain were carried out. It is edible to humans as a leaf vegetable and is also used as a folklore medicinal herb in the treatment of infections and inflammatory disease, but limited research on its chemical constituents has been done. View Article An infusion has been used to bring on a tardy menstruation and to treat diarrhoea. Sonchus oleraceus: flower heads 1.5-2.5 cm wide and plants annual from a taproot (vs. S. arvensis, with flower heads 3-5 cm wide and plants perennial from a deep-seated rhizome). Latin name: Sonchus oleraceus Family: Compositae Medicinal use of Sow Thistle: The plant is emmenagogue and hepatic. Nomination of a target weed for biological control: Common sowthistle (Sonchus oleraceus) 3 1. in China" in Natural Products Research vol. – all are edible and most are indistinguishable in appearance – but the two most commonly used for food and medicine are smooth sowthistle (S. oleraceus) and prickly sowthistle (S. … Zohos to the Greeks, sow thistle makes for one of the best salads, especially when mixed with other greens. It can be distinguished from Sonchus asper and Sonchus hydrophilus in that they both have stiff and leathery leaves, mostly smooth achenes (fruit) with ribs that are scabrous (rough to the touch) or with hairs. Sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). Sonchus oleraceus has hollow stems that exude latex (whitish milk) if damaged. Latin Name: Sonchus spp . The proximate composition, as well as the content of mineral elements (Na, K, Ca, Mg, P, Fe, Cu, Zn and Mn), fatty acids, vitamin C, carotenoids and oxalic acid were determined. It is 40 to 60 cm high, bluish-green, the leaves are alternate, do not have stalks and half clasp the stem. The Sow Thistles are sometimes mistakenly called Milk Thistles from the milky juice they contain; the true Milk Thistle is, however, a very different plant. The latex in the sap is used in the treatment of warts. The Latin name of the genus ‘sowthistle’ is Sonchus meaning ‘hollow’. Everything in the sow thistle family is edible, and I'm pretty sure all the dandelion tribe is edible as well, but this post specifically is focusing on the type of sow thistle known scientifically as sonchus oleraceus, or colloquially as common sow thistle. Leaves are 10 to 20 cm long and very coarsely lobed. This is the profile for the plant - Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow Thistle / Tfiefa komuni. MaltaWildPlants.com is an internet online database of the wild plants growing on the islands of Malta and Gozo. Sonchus oleraceus (L). Oleraceus comes from Latin and means "kitchen vegetable" or "herb used in cooking". It was reported that SO contains many bioactive components such as luteolin, apigenin, caftaric acid, chlorogenic acid, chicoric acid and others (Ou et al., 2013). Background: Sonchus oleraceus is a large and widespread plant in the world. You can't get more edible than that! The total phenolic and flavonoid, antioxidant and antibacterial activities of six Sonchus wild vegetables (Sonchus oleraceus L., Sonchus arvensis L., Sonchus asper (L.) Hill., Sonchus uliginosus M.B., Sonchus brachyotus DC. S. oleraceus. It is also commponly known as vrouves in Greek. Sow thistle - Sonchus oleraceus. ... Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Edible weeds may be a source of interesting culinary ingredients in the global north ... Guil-Guerrero JL, Giménez-Giménez A, Rodríguez-García I, Torija-Isasa ME. Etymology – The term Sonchus derives from the Greek = soft, spongy, for the characteristic of the fistulous and weak stem. Asteraceae Sonchus Sows thistle can sometimes be confused with dandelion, does get bitter as it as it gets older. 1998;76(4):628–632. Sonchus oleraceus is a common garden weed producing many small light seeds that disperse readily by wind and water, often for long distances. Smooth Sow Thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) is a species from the Asteraceae or Compositae family.Also known by a variety of common names including common sow thistle, sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's thistle, hare's lettuce, hare's colwort, milk thistle (not Silybum marianum) and swinies.It is a native biennial commonly found in Europe including the British Isles. Perennial sow thistle flowers are larger and resemble the dandelion. and Sonchus lingianus Shih) in China were investigated. ( 25 ) • Anti-Ageing Effects on H2O2-Induced Cell Senescence / Leaves: Study hypothesized that S. oleraceus extracts protect cells against H2O2 … White mustard (Sinapis alba). The binomial name for sow thistle is Sonchus oleraceus. Sonchus arvensis: Phonetic Spelling SON-chus Description. Publication Author Facciola. Nutritional composition of Sonchus species (S asper L, S oleraceus L and S tenerrimus L). It is also said to have anticancer activity. Flower heads are about 1 cm long and yellow. Keep that in mind when checking out a plant…if it contains white sap, and isn’t one of the plants I just mentioned, then you’ve probably misidentified it. Sonchus means “hollow” and oleraceus means “edible” or “cultivated.” Often plants with white sap are not edible, but for sow thistle the entire plant is edible and nutritious containing carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins and minerals. This is one of the few plants that contain white sap that are considered edible including Sow Thistle (Sonchus), Figs, and Wild Lettuce. Seon-Hee Kim et al., "Development and characterization of 17 microsatellite markers for Sonchus oleraceus" in Applications in Plant Sciences vol. Description: An erect annual hairy herb with a milky sap. 8 (2020) e11329 D. Z. Xia et al., "Antioxidant and antibacterial activity of six edible wild plants (Sonchus spp.) 25 (2011) pp. It is edible to humans as a leaf vegetable and is also used as a folklore medicinal herb in the treatment of infections and inflammatory disease, but limited research on its chemical constituents has been done. Sinapi or Vrouves are traditionally boiled for salads. There are many species of Sonchus (Sonchus spp.) Sonchus oleraceus Linn (SOL), belongs to family of Compositae, is wildly found in moist areas of fields, orchards, or cleared land. Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle, sow thistle, smooth sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's colwort, hare's thistle, milky tassel, milk thistle, soft thistle, or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family.It is native to Europe and western Asia. The main difference between the two is that the annual sow thistle has much smaller flowers (less than 2.5 cm across) than the perennial sow thistle. The Latin “oleraceus” literally means “having the qualities of a pot-herb”. Smooth Sowthistle (Sonchus oleraceus) has been highly regarded as an edible wild food since antiquity. It has spread from temperate Europe to become a weed in most parts of the world. 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