Fact 92: The lions which roam individually or sometimes in pairs are termed as nomads. Puma concolor. 1. Fact 191: Though the adult healthy lions don’t have any predators, lions die because of humans hunting and other lions attacking. © 2020 | Facts Legend | A Unit of Akṣa Ventures. It is about time you find out the answers to those questions in this segment of lion facts. Fact 206: Some of the rulers even had the word “lion” as their nickname. They heard of lions’ structure, physical build, and mane etc. Fact 62: After mating when the male lion withdraws his penis, the spines rake the vagina which may cause ovulation. The average male lion weighs around 180 kg (400 lb) while the average female lion weighs around 130 kg (290 lb). A lion crossed with leopard produces leopon. A female lion needs 5kg of meat a day. Fact 18: The last European area for lions was the Caucasus (situated between black sea and Caspian Sea). While they’re out looking for food, the males guard the pride’s territory and their young. They depend on the blood of the prey for moisture. Hence captive breeding was stopped to weed out these mix breed lions. The lions in general live up to 10 to 15 years. Fact 147: They are opportunistic hunters (opportunistic hunters are the hunters who eat dead animals or carrion). We will add the information to our list of lion facts. Fact 134: Lionesses usually do the hunting (stalking, attacking and capturing). Unlike other cats, lions are very social animals and live in large groups called prides. Do they hunt in groups like gray wolves or do they go out on solo hunting adventures? Fact 107: Besides these, males need to defend their relationship with pride from male lions (who are basically nomads) who may try to defeat them. Watch with DreamWorksTV. 3. Fact 72: The females synchronize their reproductive cycles so that they can give birth to cubs at around same time which increases the survival rate of cubs. On the other hand, vertical pupils help domestic cats to zero down on small preys. The claws of an adult lion can reach seven centimeters in length. Fact 49: The tail length of a male lion is 32.5 to 36.8 inches or 82.5 to 93.5 centimeters and for female lion, the tail length is 28.3 to 35.2 inches or 72 to 82.5 centimeters. Fact 17: Aristotle reported that lions were rare by 300 BCE and by 100 CE they were nearly extinguished. Fact 112: Expressive movements in lions are developed and the common gestures are head rubbing and social licking. If resources are scarce, the pride becomes smaller. Fact 23: Lions are usually bred with tigers in zoos. Audio languages. This sort of captive breeding continued till 1998. It happened in 1898. What many believe to be a mystery isn't actually so mysterious. Fact 89: A pride consists of about 15 lions which includes up to 4 males, multiple females and their cubs. Fact 105: Males and females help in defending their territory but males are proven to be more successful than females because of their large and powerful body. Fact 84: Lions of Kenyan National Park and Gir Lions are bright examples of homosexuality or bonding. So, without wasting time any further, let us begin learning! Fact 183: The situation of lions in Asia is a bit better than African lions. Fact 78: Nearly 80% of the cubs die before they reach two years of age. Earliest surviving record of hunting lions is an Egyptian inscription dated 1380 CE which mentions that Amenhotep III (Pharaoh) hunted down 102 lions with his own arrows in first decade of his rule. Fact 146: You can call them lazy. Fact 19: Lions became extinct in Palestine in the Middle Ages and they became extinct in other parts of Asia (except India) in around 18th century. Fact 70: The cubs stay a bit anxious and fearful but later on they start mingling with others – cubs and adults alike. Your email address will not be published. Fact 131: Lions don’t usually have any particular hunting time. Though lions still exist in 28 African countries and one Asian country, only six protected area complexes are known to … Fact 223: The name is still used by some sectors of Hindu population like Rajputs, Punjabis etc. Fact 185: In the 19th century, lions were imported from Africa to Europe for the purpose of breeding. Fact 57: Lions mostly live across North America, Europe, and Africa. They can be easily found in the savannahs, grassy plains, open grasslands. Fact 24: Male ligers are sterile but few female ligers are fertile. Fact 184: However, the Asiatic lion is listed as Endangered in IUCN Red List. The lion is a well-muscled cat with a long body, large head, and short legs. 1-5 Lion Facts 1. Fact 228: It is interesting to note that the motifs were pretty unrealistic because lions are not native to China. They don’t mate longer than a minute. As lions … 440.9 lbs. The integration of cubs into the pride happens earlier if other lionesses also gave birth at around the same time. Fact 74: The cubs wean after nearly six to seven months. Fact 95: However, the interactions of resident and nomads are not very social but when females are in heat, they allow nomad male lions to approach them. The offspring are called liger (hybrid of male lion and a female tiger) or tigon (a hybrid of male tiger and a female lion). Find out the answers to these questions in this segment of lion facts. Protecting their territory, lions fight among themselves not for life, but for death. Zebra (Grevy's)Factsheet. These royal beasts are known for their roars, golden mane, royal gait, fiery eyes, ferociousness, strength, and a highly sociable attitude. Fact 190: Even after these steps, nearly 77% of the lions which are registered in International Species Information System in the year 2006 were actually of unknown origin. Fact 83: Some say that this behavior (showing affection to same sex) is basically homosexuality while others think that it is pure bonding and nothing more. Fact 109: Male and female Asiatic lions meet only when they have to mate. Fact 59: Usually lionesses become sexually mature by the age of 4. Fact 159: Lions steal the prey of African wild dogs also and kill their pups and sometimes the adults as well. Fact 143: Lioness (adult) requires around 5 kilograms or 11 pounds of meat a day and adult male requires nearly 7 kilograms or 15 pounds of meat a day. Fact 48: The weight and size of adult lions varies from habitat to habitat but on an average the length of a male lion (head and body) is 72 – 82 inches or 184 – 208 centimeters. Fact 68: They weigh around 2.6 to 4.6 pounds or 1.2 to 2.1 kilograms immediately after their birth and they start crawling after a day or two after they are born. 1 – Lions are one of the largest of the ‘big cats’ at approximately four-foot high, over seven-foot long and up to 500 lbs in weight. There were 180 lions in 1974 and by 2010 the number increased to 400. If the lion himself goes hunting, he will most likely eat the prey himself on the spot. Love animals? Now the extinct cave lions did not have a mane at all, or possessed. Fact 200: Across the continents of Europe, Asia, and Africa lions stood as a symbol of nobility and strength. They’re very social animals that live in groups called pride. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The lion is found throughout the south Sahara desert and in parts of southern and eastern Africa. Fact 165: Ancient Rome saw lions fighting against gladiators, and trophy hunting till date is present in South Africa. Big cats are most active from groves until dawn so most of the day is spent sleeping, […] Fact 88: Females become members (of their birth pride) when they are born and they rarely leave a pride and live a solitary life. Fact 188: However, it was found that the lions in North American zoos were a mix breed of African and Asiatic lions. The underparts of the lion are usually lighter than the coat color. Here are just a few random and fun lion facts that you will definitely enjoy. The size of the pride is determined by the availability of food and water. A liger, a hybrid of a lion and a tigress, is always larger than its parents. Females are approximately 1 metre in shoulder height, and weigh between 110-152kg (av. Today, we are going to learn some incredible lion facts that will help you understand these majestic creatures in details. They can live for nearly 25 years in captivity. Fact 172: Because of habitat loss, lions are forced to hunt down humans. Required fields are marked *. Lions can mate with many other big cats - tigers, leopards and jaguars This magnificent “king of beasts” has always been the subject of legends and myths. At three years of age, male lions get mature and by the end of four to five years, they challenge the leader of either their pride or another pride. On average, only one out of five lion cubs survive to the age of two. Fact 117: Social licking is mutual and the recipient appears happy. 3. Related Resources. In some cases, lions can even attack elephants. Fact 5: They classified it in the year 2017. Fact 162:  Although lions drink water every day, they can manage to live without it for four or five days if needed. Fact 238: Desert-adapted lions are huge and have leaner bodies and longer legs than the lions which are found in grasslands, jungles etc. Fact 142: When the food is plentiful, the old, crippled lions also get the share (leftovers). Fact 3: Lorenz Oken coined the term Panthera in 1816. Ever wondered how the lions reproduce and how they raise their cubs? The lion is the only member of the cat family with a tasseled tail. Subtitles. 189kg). Fact 121: They start with few long and deep roars and end with many short ones. An adult male’s roar can be heard up to 8km away. It may be entirely lacking; it may fringe the face; or it may be full and shaggy, covering the back of the head, neck, and shoulders and continuing … This impressive member of the big cat family is now a protected species. Sphinx was built to guard some vital areas like temples or tombs. Presently most of the lions reside in East Africa and Southern Africa. You’d love our magazine! The lion (Panthera leo) is classified as one of the five big cats in the genus Pantherawhich includes the Tiger, Lion, Jaguar, Leopard and Snow Leopard. TV-Y7. It is the second largest big cat species found on this planet. As of 2005, there are around 11 subspecies of lions. Fact 144: In one session, they can stuff nearly 30 kilograms of meat in their tummies and if they can’t eat at one go; they take rest for some time and resume devouring the prey. Lions live for about 10-14 years in the wild. Males may or may not be tolerant towards cubs. Fact 211: Figures and amulets with lion heads were excavated in Crete, Rhodes, Chios, Euboea etc. Fact 227: Lion was used as a motif in China from around 5 BCE to 6 BCE. This sister group diverged 2.06 million years ago. Fact 20: By 19th and 20th centuries, lions were an extinct species in Southwest Asia. Cats (Big)Factsheet. Fact 204: The sculpture is around 32,000 years old and is considered to have originated from Aurignacian culture. Fact 4: However, this division was totally based on morphological features and hence it is now considered that there are only 2 subspecies of lions according to Cat Classification Task Force of the Cat Specialist Group. Do they live in groups or are they solitary animals? So, basically Singapore means city of lion. Lions are vulnerable on the IUCN red list Fact 132: Cubs start showing “stalking behavior” when they are around three months old and join hunting after they turn one year old. Fact 113: It is observed that head rubs are basically a type of greeting (head rub includes nuzzling of forehead, neck and face). Fact 186: Oxford University and WildLink International started an International Barbary Lion Project to identify Barbary lions and breed them in captivity so that they can be reintroduced into the national parks of Morocco’s Atlas Mountains. They live in groups, called prides, of around 30 lions. They existed across Africa, Eurasia, and America. Examples include west African lions of Pendjari National Park and lions in Dinder National Park in Sudan etc. Other wild cats are mostly solitary but lions live in a group called pride. Prides are close family groups. Fact 46: The presence of tuft is a characteristic feature of a lion. Fact 63: Lioness usually mate with more than one male. Fact 13: The present-day subspecies of lions diverged around 245,000 years ago. These motifs became famous during Han Dynasty (206 BCE to 220 CE). Fact 224: In Hindu religion, Narasimha (Lord Vishnu with head of a lion) is one of the 10 avatars of Lord Vishnu. Fact 36: A darker and fuller mane represents a healthy male lion. Tsavo maneaters stand out shining. Yet in some places these majestic predators are still hunted legally. Fact 99: Thus, females in an area are more closely related to each other than males in the given area. Only members of this genus are able to roar. Here are 17 Interesting Lion facts. Did humans ever kill lions? It is sexually dimorphic; adult male lions have a prominent mane.With a typical head-to-body length of 184–208 cm (72–82 in) they are larger than females at 160–184 cm (63–72 in). Fact 237: Did you know that when lions walk, their heels don’t touch the ground? They resided in an area around Kenya-Uganda Railway. So, they are basically active only for the remaining 8 to 4 hours when they protect their territory. How do lions communicate among themselves? Fact 203: An ivory carving of a lioness-headed woman which was found in Vogelherd Cave in Swabian Alb (Germany) is dubbed as lion-human (Löwenmensch) in German language. They then spread to areas like Eurasia, and Americas. Fact 71: The females which gave birth to cubs around the same time are more tolerant towards cubs of other mothers. 7. Fact 30: Did you know that lion is the only cat in its family to show sexual dimorphism? Fact 103: Hunters of the pride are extremely important and they are the ones who eat the prey first. Fact 166: From late 18th century, lions were a part of zoo. Share Share Tweet Email Comment. Fact 32: The mane cover most of the head, shoulder, chest and neck. Lion of Judah is the national and cultural symbol of Jews. Fact 233: Lions are also depicted in movies, books etc. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Keep reading …. They walk when they are around 3 weeks old. Lions usually live in groups of 10 or 15 animals called prides. Fact 28: The color of the fur varies from silver grey, yellow-red to even dark brown. The average male lion weighs around 180 kg (400 lb) while the average female lion weighs around 130 kg (290 lb). Fact 235: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayor studios used lion as a mascot since 1920s. Fact 198: Serengeti National Park saw the outbreak of canine distemper virus which led to deaths of lions from encephalitis and pneumonia. Fact 180: Year 2015 was positive for lions as an adult male and female lion were, for the first time, sighted in Mole National Park (Ghana) in 39 years and 200 lions were filmed in Alatash National Park that were thought to be extinct. They even get trampled by buffaloes, elephants etc. Fact 215: The picture of lions is used on coats of arms and as supporters for the shields. They typically weigh between The females in the pride tend to do the majority of the hunting. and used by Sikhs. Fact 177: As of 2014, Odzala-Kokoua National Park didn’t have a single lion and lions are considered as locally extinct species there. Fact 8: Phylogenetic studies of 2006 and 2009 reveal that lion and jaguar belong to one sister group (sister group is the closest relative of one species to another). The length of the hair in the lion's mane can reach up to forty centimeters. Fact 197: Captive lions sometimes get infected with canine distemper virus which is spread by domestic dogs, cats etc. The tuft starts developing when the cubs are five and a half months old and by the age of seven months the tuft is identifiable. Fact 29: The coat of a lion may vary according to the region. Fact 76: Mothers often defend their cubs if any male tries to kill the cubs but they succeed only when three to four females (from the same pride) help the mother defending the cubs. China’s Atlantis City: 25 Strange Facts About Lion City. Fact 214: Heroes like Gawain and Lancelot are famous for slaying lions. By 2015, the numbers grew to 523 and as of 2017; there were around 650 Asiatic lions in Gir National Park. This segment of lion facts has all the answers you need. The den is usually present away from the pride (group of lions is called pride). Fact 174: Lion is listed as Vulnerable in IUCN Red List. Fact 31: This unique appearance known as mane differentiates them from the female lions. 10,000 years ago Lions were the second most widespread land mammal, after humans. To eat, a lioness needs 5 kg of meat per day, and a lion 7 kg. The lion (Panthera leo) is a species in the family Felidae and a member of the genus Panthera.It has a muscular, deep-chested body, short, rounded head, round ears, and a hairy tuft at the end of its tail. Fact 126: It might surprise you but lions have round pupils and not vertical pupils like domestic cats. Fact 216: Egyptians showed many of their war deities as lionesses. Fact 61: During the mating season, the male lion usually stays closer to the female that is in heat. Fact 176: From 2002 to 2004, the number of African lions present in the wild was between 16,500 and 47,000 present. Fact 69: Once the cubs are seven to eight weeks old, the mother starts integrating the cubs into the pride. 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