You'll be able to identify curly dock by its greenish blossoms that cluster long thin flower stocks. sour dock yellow dock This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. This plant is instantly recognizable, and one of the ones that seem to "Spring up everywhere" once you know what it looks like! Basal leaves can be as long as 12 inches and around 2 ½ inches wide; the leaves become smaller as they ascend the stem. Common names are tricky for that very reason; they change from place to place. Other common rumex species include: Rumex obtusifolius – Bitter Dock or Broad Leaf Dock, as the name suggests, this type is generally quite bitter and has large broad leaves. Photo by New York’s Integrated Pest Management program. The seeds are useful and interestingly, yellow dock seeds are viable for up to 80 years. Flowering stem has a few leaves and reaches heights of 3 ft. Cornell University’s Turf and Landscape weed identification app provides recommendations for chemical management of curly dock. This ugly weed is curly dock, and when the plant is in its mature reddish-brown phase, it isn’t dead; in fact, curly dock can seem nearly impossible to kill. Leaves are alternate to one another along the stem. Curly dock has a mild flavor, a subtly sour note, and a pleasant texture, making it a very versatile ingredient in the kitchen. Mowing will prevent seed production and reduce top growth. Curly dock (Rumex crispus L.) is a weed of low-maintenance orchards, nursery crops, landscapes, roadsides, pastures and forage crops. Look for it along roadsides, ditches, edges of wooded areas, and in fields. Unfortunately, we cannot provide individual solutions to specific pest problems. Contact Webmaster, © 2016 Regents of the University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources. (Note that burdock is a different plant entirely.) Various upland gamebirds and granivorous songbirds eat the seeds of docks. They suggest chopping the plant a couple inches below ground, or any cultivation practice that will chop and bury the plant’s taproot. The attribute 'crispus' means curled, which alludes to the curly and wavy leaves of this species, as does the common name 'curled dock'. Dock is from the Old English docce meaning a coarse weedy herb. Uva R H, Neal J C, DiTomaso J M. 1997. Stems are smooth and sometimes ridged. In more detail, the calyx of curly dock has smooth margins while the calyx of broad-leaved dock has horned margins. [citation needed] Distribution and habitat. If you have a disability and are having trouble accessing information on this website or need materials in an alternate format, contact web-accessibility@cornell.edu for assistance. Curly Dock looks just what it sounds like; the leaves are narrow and curl along the edges, they are about 15 to 30cm long and get shorter and smaller as they grow closer to the top of the plant. Plants may be poisonous to livestock when ingested in quantity. Rumex crispus - curly dock - is similar in appearance, but with thinner and wave-like leaves. It goes by the common names Yellow Dock and Curly Dock. This includes such upland gamebirds and granivorous . Stems turn red-brown at maturity and often p… The fruiting stem dies back in mid to late summer, and the fruits and stems turn a distinctive rusty brown. Sequential applications may be necessary for control. Oder leaves have slightly wavy margins. The leaves of curly dock are hairless, long and narrow, and often have wavy or curly edges—which is where it gets its common name. Curly dock Curly dock (Rumex crispus L.) is a weed of low-maintenance orchards, nursery crops, landscapes, roadsides, pastures and forage crops. Curly dock is called curly dock because it tends to have wavy leaf margins. Curly dock's anthraquinones stimulate the areas in the brain that are responsible for regulating peristalsis - the movement of the intestines - giving the herb a laxative … Ditches, roadsides, wetlands, pastures, agronomic crop fields (especially those in perennial crops like alfalfa), orchards, disturbed, unmanaged sites, and disturbed m… Curly dock, a perennial broadleaf plant, usually grows in wet areas and is frequently associated with overwatering or standing water in low areas. (source) Range and Identification of Curly Dock Ditches, roadsides, wetlands, pastures, agronomic crop fields (especially those in perennial crops like alfalfa), orchards, disturbed, unmanaged sites, and disturbed moist places. Curly Dock Control. Stems are solitary or occur in small groups from the root crown. Curled dock has tall flower spikes with … The seed is enclosed within the fruit, a papery or corky 3-winged triangular structure. Curly dock (Rumex crispus) is a non-native forb in the buckwheat or smartweed family (Polygonaceae). It looks edible but I'd like to know for sure what it is before I try eating some. Seeds are triangular, glossy, and reddish brown at maturity. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page The Latin name Rumex crispus was given by Linnaeus and appears to be the only name used in modern literature. Curly dock, a perennial broadleaf plant, usually grows in wet areas and is frequently associated with overwatering or standing water in low areas. Flowers have greenish sepals that become reddish brown at maturity. Staff-only pages Emergence: Curly dock seeds germinate in cool, moist soil from late spring through early fall as conditions permit. Curly dock comes from Eurasia, so it's an invasive species here in the Americas. 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