Some state-level records for the US are based on specimen data from the Florida State Collection of Arthropods (FSCA), Gainesville, FL. These tiny black beetles can be found making homes anywhere and out of anything. Studies have examined whether various IPM regimes for control of house flies can negatively affect beneficial Carcinops pumilio. 2001). A summarized list of synonyms of Carcinops pumilio (Erichson) is given below (following Mazur 1997; Bousquet and Laplante 2006; Lackner et al. Skov MN, Spencer AG, Hald B, Petersen L, Nauerby B, Cartensen B, Madsen M. 2004. Carcinops pumilio can be reared on the larvae of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster Meigen (Achiano and Giliomee 2007). Top; Taxonomy; Kaufman PE, Burgess M, Rutz DA, Glenister C. 2002a. Termites . Click on image to open it in a new window. Changes in the arthropod fauna of an experimental bulk of stored wheat. A life history study of. Bills GT. Laboratory experiments determined that Salmonella-inoculated Carcinops pumilio can harbor the bacterium externally and internally for up to two weeks (Gray et al. The pages where Carcinops quattuordecimstriata was described were in fact printed in 1835 (Méquignon 1944; Blackwelder 1949). 2006, 2011; GBIF 2012; Borowski and Mazur 2015; Lackner et al. Scientific Name Saprinus confalonierii Arabic Name N/A Tagged As N/A Endangered Status . Poultry producers can enhance populations of Carcinops pumilio by keeping manure pits relatively dry and free from sources of excess water (Bills 1973; Achiano and Giliomee 2006a). They will consume fly eggs and maggots; one adult Hister beetle can consume 54 maggots and/or eggs per day. Retamales J, Vivallo F, Robeson J. Pupae: Exarate pupae (pupa with free antennae, wings, and legs) are initially white but later darken to brown and black before adult emergence (see Achiano and Giliomee 2005 for images of pupae). 2009; Lackner et al. Revue de Zoologie Agricole et de Pathologie Végétale 23: 116-119. [3] One theory for the “Hister” nickname comes from the work of Juvenal, a Roman poet. ... Scientific Taxonomy. There is some dispute about the origin of the name ( 2). 2002a, b) (Figure 7). The arrow indicates the large, sickle-shaped apex of the mandibles. 2006. Hister beetles, Carcinops pumilio, are small black, predatory beetles that are used in poultry facilities for fly control. Louisiana State Arthropod Museum (LSAM). I, Beetles (Coleoptera) of the Rogów region. 2001a). It is known as the elytra. pp. Betsy is a a form of the English name "Bess", short for the name Elizabeth, not related to the French "bess" in meaning, but this … Size: Up to two inches in length. The hister beetle Carcinops pumilio (Erichson) is a predator and natural enemy of the pestiferous house fly, Musca domestica Linnaeus (Figure 1). Beetle Scientific Name Genus And Species Tiger Beetle Classification . III. Adults will attack larvae (Achiano and Giliomee 2006a) and larvae will attack other larvae (Geden and Stoffolano 1987) when crowded. The Hister beetles can live in harmony with the ants or predate on the ants, depending on the species. 2005). Scientific Name: The most common North American species are in the genus Lucanus. ... Scientific Names . However, Stephens’s (1835) name Carcinops quattuordecimstriata, described from England and referring to the same organism, was considered the senior synonym (i.e., it was thought to be the older name) and the valid name for the species because it was thought to have been described before Carcinops pumilio (Erichson). Scientific name Scientific name (unprocessed) Subspecies Species Genus Family Order Class Phylum Kingdom Identified to rank Name match metric Lifeform Common name … (1991) found a shorter total development time of 34.1 days on average at 25.5°C. Genus: International Journal of Invertebrate Taxonomy (Supplement). Hister beetle, (family Histeridae), any of approximately 3,900 species of beetles (insect order Coleoptera) that are carnivorous and are usually found around carrion, fungi, or dung. Australian National Insect Collection Database (ANICD). For example, the establishment of Carcinops pumilio is impaired when poultry houses have a dense population of the omnivorous lesser mealworm, Alphitobius diaperinus (Panzer) (Watson et al. Carcinops pumilio was originally described in the genus Paromalus from a series of specimens collected in Spain, North America, and Egypt (Erichson 1834). 1968. California Academy of Sciences Entomology General Collection Database (CAS). Taxonomy and Synonymy. Photograph by Matthew R. Moore, University of Florida. Authored By Staff Writer; Content ©www.InsectIdentification.org. Taxonomy of the tribe Paromalini Reitter (Coleoptera: Histeridae, Dendrophilinae) from China. Eggs range from 0.65 mm to 0.92 mm in length (Geden and Stoffolano 1987). Other beetle species commonly encountered in poultry production can affect the establishment of Carcinops pumilio as a biological control agent of house flies. At 25.5°C, embryo development within eggs is completed from 2 to 11 days with an average of 6.2 days (Morgan et al. Adult beetles can live for up to two to three years (Linder 1967). These beetles also are associated with wild animal remains and some aspects of meat processing. Gray JP, Maddox CW, Tobin PC, Gummo JD, Pitts CW. Carcinops pumilio go through two larval development stages (instars) (Linder 1967; Achiano and Giliomee 2005). 1997. Rueda LM, Axtell RC. Not only is the adult beetle an active hunter, in the larval stage it is also a highly aggressive and insatiable predator. 1983; Fletcher et al. Country Music and Love Go Together! Saprinus spp. Insect Keys . Carcinops pumilio is considered to be a beneficial insect due to its ability to limit house fly populations in poultry production settings. 2014; Lackner et al. in North America north of Mexico, including about 86 in eastern North America.The many different species are difficult to distinguish. It is found in North America. The association of these beetles with domestic poultry (e.g., chickens and turkey) possibly contributed to their spread across the globe (Legner and Olton 1970). Small beetle, 3-5mm in size. Revista Chilena de Entomología 14: 71-80. Carcinops pumilio has a broad world distribution (Figure 2 and Table 1). 2001a). Alternatively, Carcinops pumilio that have an active and sufficient food source tend not to fly and disperse away from an area (Achiano and Giliomee 2008). Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF). Two New Beetle Genera And Four New Species From The . 1996; Rueda and Axtell 1997; Tobin and Pitts 1999; Hinton and Moon 2003; Larson et al. Capability, Shape, Texture/Pattern, Benefits, Dangers. Pin By João Teixeira On Instituto De Educação Socioambiental . SIMILAR SPECIES: See under Jepson's Beetle (Plaesius javanus). As its name suggests, drugstore beetles love to … It is found in North America. The ends taper and they have an overall white or cream color (see Achiano and Giliomee 2005 for images of eggs). hister beetles includes 407 children: Abraeomorphus; The beetle has too much appearance similarity with the true bugs. Any beetle of the genus Hister or (in later use) the family Histeridae, typically having an oval, hard, shiny black body (sometimes with red or orange markings) and clubbed, geniculate antennae, and most commonly living in decaying animal and plant material and dung. Termites . Unable to supplement their natural beetle populations commercially, poultry producers may be tempted to capture and move established beetles into poultry houses with lower numbers, such as facilities recently cleaned of their manure pack (Kaufman et al. The arrow indicates the characteristic arcuate (curved, bow-like) shape of the front tibia in Carcinops pumilio. Volume 6 (Supplement), Die Käfer von Mitteleuropa. Seymour RC, Campbell JB. Figure 7. Table 3. Description: Hister indistinctus is a species of clown beetle in the family Histeridae. "Bess" beetle would appear to be from French baiser, to kiss (compare Middle English bassen, Modern English, though archaic, buss to kiss), after the kissing sound (stridulation) made by the beetles when handled. Paromalus pumilio (Erichson, 1834) Illustration by Matthew R. Moore, University of Florida. There have been several theories explaining the origin of these common names. Environmental Entomology 22: 212-219. Hister was also used by the classical poet Juvenal to mean a low or dirty individual. Notes: This little beetle is one of the worst invasive species of our time. Carcinops pumilio has a broad world distribution and is associated with wild bird nests and bat guano piles. When the beetle’s close wings, it comes up in the straight line at the middle of the back. Range: Throughout the USA and southern Canada. Coleoptera Histeridae, Annotated list of the insects and mites associated with stored grain and cereal products, and of their arthropod parasites and predators, Field infestation of wheat by insects attacking it in farm storage. Carcinops pumilio cannot be raised in large enough numbers for the species to be commercially available for purchase. They are shiny black, oval, and from 0.5 to 10 mm (0.02 to 0.4 inch) long. Mazur S. 1997. Hister Beetle (Acritus spp.) Food-, temperature- and crowding mediated laboratory dispersal of. ... Family Histeridae hister beetles. A study of the insect pests in stored palm produce in Port Harcourt, Nigeria, Especies presentes en México de la familia Histeridae (Histeridae species from México), Community structure and dispersal of mites (Acari, Mesostigmata) in nests of the white stork (, Insect succession on carrion: Seasonality, habitat preference and residency of histerid beetles (Coleoptera: Histeridae) visiting pig carrion exposed in various forests (western Poland), Structure and dynamics of arthropod communities in bat guano deposits in buildings, Checklist of the coleopterous insects of Mexico, Central America, the West Indies, and South America. Similarly, Carcinops pumilio was collected in association with abandoned, rotting oil palm kernels in Nigeria (Allotey 1988). Habitat: Larvae live in rotten wood; adults often fly to lights at night. The primary impediment is that these beetles attack each other at high densities (Geden and Stoffolano 1987). Body flat and oval shaped. Phelister nanus (LeConte, 1845) There are several different beetle species that live off the dead (either by consuming the corpse itself or those that are feeding on it), such as rove beetles (Staphylinidae) and hister beetles (Histeridae). Stephens’s (1835) book was published in parts, at separate times, but was labeled as being published in 1832 (see Méquignon 1944 and Blackwelder 1949). Hister bissexstriatus Fabricius, 1801. "Betsy" would appear to be a variant of "bess". 2014. Photograph by Phillip E. Kaufman, University of Florida. There are 25,000 species of beetle in North America. vernacular scientific Creatures » ... » Insects With Complete Metamorphosis » Beetles » … » Hister Beetles. Compounding the challenge of large numbers of eggs being laid are that biological control agents are limited in abundance, largely having been removed with the manure during cleanout. The taxonomic history of this hister beetle is complicated and marked by confusion of the scientific names Carcinops pumilio (Erichson) and Carcinops quattuordecimstriata (Stephens) that stems from uncertainty surrounding the publication dates of these. 2015). African Entomology 14: 349-355. 373 p. Méquignon A 1944 [labeled 1943]. 1991. A single Carcinops pumilio individual can consume over 100 fly eggs and maggots per day depending on temperature (Geden and Axtell 1988). 2000). There are a large variety of Hister Beetles and most species have not been studied. First instar larvae are more common in manure with a 55% to 60% moisture content (Achiano and Giliomee 2006a). Generic Name: Hister: Scientific Name: Hister mongol Sokolov, 2012: Name Published In: Sokolov, Alexander V., 2012: The description of new species Hister (Coleoptera: Histeridae) from Mongolia and the new data on distribution of hister beetles in territory of the former USSR. Nebst Betrachtungen über die Tiergeographie dieser Inselgruppe, Arthropods in the nests of lesser spotted eagle (, Stored-product insects associated with eight feed mills in the Midwestern United States, Worldwide survey and comparison of adult predator and scavenger insect populations associated with domestic animal manure where livestock is artificially congregated, Ökologie und Larvalbiologie einheimischer Histeriden, Beetles (Insecta, Coleoptera) – the inhabitants of the nests of birds of prey (order Accipitriformes and Falconiformes) in Belarus [in Russian], New Coleoptera records from owl nests in Nova Scotia, Canada, Essai monographique sur la famille des Histérides. This practice should be practiced with caution due to a small risk of mechanically moving Salmonella bacteria into clean poultry houses on the beetles (Gray et al. Select an environment to see its hister beetles species checklist. Hister beetle, (family Histeridae), any of approximately 3,900 species of beetles (insect order Coleoptera) that are carnivorous and are usually found around carrion, fungi, or dung. Figure 8. 2001). Coleoptera from a granary at Reading. It is found in North America. Attractant-based Hister House trap. As a biological control agent, Carcinops pumilio has attracted research attention due to its voracious appetite for fly pests of poultry production. They have the front pairs of wings in the hard cases that distinguished them from most other insects. Figure 5. 1973. But the true bugs have the translucent outer half of the wings. The order Coleoptera consists of the beetles and weevils. An outstanding monograph of the Australopacific Region’s saprinine hister beetles supported by the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation. These conditions are excellent for fly development if manure moisture is not minimized. Figure 6. The Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine 68: 85. names in breadcrumbs. Hister laevipes is a species of clown beetle in the family Histeridae. In particular, Carcinops pumilio has been reported from bone processing operations (Walker 1916) and glue factories (Fowler and Donisthorpe 1913; Walker 1932). 2016. Zootaxa 1544: 1-40. Figure 2. Carcinops pumilio can be found in some stored goods, food and animal by-products, and animal remains where it is a predator on other insects. Roy L, Bouvier J-C, Lavigne C, Galès M, Buronfosse T. 2013. This Polyphaga-related article is a stub.You can help Wikipedia by expanding it Data for bird nest associations of Carcinops pumilio are summarized for North America (Table 2) and Europe (Table 3). Dendrophilus pumilio (Erichson, 1834) 1991). Size: quite small, often less than half an inch. The scientific name of the beetle is Coleoptera. Beetles are the group of insects in the superorder Endopterygota. Krištofík J, Mašan P, Šustek Z, Karaska D. 2009. ... Scientific Names . Barriga-Tuñon JE. Scientific name i: Carcinops pumilio: Taxonomy navigation › Carcinops. Symptoms Top of page. Vector map of the world provided for free by freevectormaps.com (WRLD-EPS-01-0013). p. 83-208. They will consume fly eggs and maggots; one adult Hister beetle can consume 54 maggots and/or eggs per day. Laboratory colonies of Carcinops pumilio reared on artificial protein diets laid significantly fewer eggs, had a prolonged development time, and had slower rates of egg laying (Achiano and Giliomee 2006b). A Hister Beetle Carcinops pumilio (Erichson) (Insecta: Coleoptera: Histeridae: Dendrophilinae: Paromalini) 2 valid scientific name for this hister beetle. Saprinus Hister Beetle: 1 of 1. Explanation of Names. Paromalus quatuordecimstriatus (Stephens, 1835) Florida Museum of Natural History (FLMNH). Beetle Scientific Name: Coleoptera. Description. Part 24. Manure pit conditions, such as temperature, the age of manure, and manure water content, can influence whether these hister beetles can establish. This tiny flying beetle is also named the biscuit beetle or bread beetle and is similar in appearance to the cigarette beetle. Dieuzeide R, Tempère G. 1924. Eggs: Eggs of Carcinops pumilio are elongate and oval. For the Love of Country Music. 2016. Without proper management (introduced biological control or pesticide applications), fly populations can reach pestiferous levels within two or three weeks. Species Hister carinifrons. University of Hawaii Insect Museum Online Database: Coleoptera (UHIM). Image courtesy of . Second Edition, Insects associated with chicken manure in a breed poultry farm of central Chile, Impact of pest control strategies on the arthropodofauna living in bird nests built in nestboxes in pear and apple orchards, Reports of the Percy Sladen Trust Expedition to the Indian Ocean in 1905, under the leadership of Mr. J. Stanley Gardiner, M. A. Coombs CW, Woodroffe GE. Bajerlein D, Błoszyk J, Gwiazdowicz DJ, Ptaszyk J, Halliday B. Paromalus pumilio (Erichson, 1834) 2000). 2015). On oil palms they bore through petiole bases into the central unopened leaves. Photograph by Phillip E. Kaufman, University of Florida. The environments in which many hister beetles species are known to live. Taxonomic Orders . Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 149:127-134. Betsy is a a form of the English name "Bess", short for the name Elizabeth, not related to the French "bess" in meaning, but this would appear to explain the progression baiser -->"Bess"-->"Betsy" (Internet searches). They can be easily identified by their shortened elytra that leaves two of the seven tergites exposed, and their elbowed antennae with clubbed ends. Order and Family: Coleoptera, Histeridae Size and Appearance: Length (mm) Appearance Egg Larva/Nymph Adult 1-10 mm Shiny, metallic and either black or green Pupa (if applicable ) Type of feeder (Chewing, sucking, etc. Carcinops pumilio has been collected from underneath tree bark (Arrow 1927) and from inside the terminal shoots of beetle-damaged coniferous trees (Taylor 1928), suggesting dietary or habitat diversity. 2016. Mandibulata 5, The arthropod fauna of coniferous leaders weeviled by, Arthropods from nests of the house sparrow. Arthropods in litter of poultry (broiler chicken and turkey) houses. 1932. An annotated list of the Coleoptera of the Isle of Sheppey. Some research, however, has investigated whether beetles can be reservoirs for the bacteria Salmonella enterica (the cause of salmonellosis in humans) and Campylobacter species (most common bacterial cause of food poisoning in the US) (Gray et al. 2015). Carcinops pumilio beetles are predators of fly eggs and larvae. Detailing the physical features, habits, territorial reach and other identifying qualities of the Hister Beetle. Carcinops pumilio typically has 14 total (7 on each elytron, or wing cover) striations (impressed lines composed of punctures) on the wing covers (Figure 4). 2006a. Walker JJ. Latin histrio 'actor' ().There is some dispute about the origin of the name ().One idea is that the beetles "act" of feigning death is the reference. 1987; Whitaker et al. Carcinops pumilio has been collected from guano piles of the evening bat (Nycticeius humeralis [Rafinesque]) and the little brown bat (Myotis lucifugus [LeConte]) (Bernath and Kunz 1981; Whitaker et al. Frost SW, Dietrich H. 1929. Licence Data provider Data resource. Some females can lay eggs from 5 to 12 consecutive days (Morgan et al. Taxonomic Orders . Carcinops pumilio was originally described in the genus Paromalus from a series of specimens collected in Spain, North America, and Egypt (Erichson 1834). The species was transferred to the new genus Carcinops by Marseul (1855), and the classificatio… Alternative Title: Histeridae. Larson Z, Subramanyam B, Herrman T. 2008. Below are descriptions of the life stages of Carcinops pumilio. Hister nanus LeConte, 1845 2008; Tishechkin 2010a, b; UHIM 2011; LSAM 2016; CAS 2016. A remarkable ability of the Hister beetle is their capacity to live in close proximity with ants (myrmecophiles) and termites (termitophiles). 1991). O. rhinoceros adults feed in the crown region of both coconut and oil palm. 1983. Beetles captured with attractant based traps should be released in areas of the poultry house with already active fly population growth for maximum effect (Kaufman et al. British Poultry Science 14: 209-212. The screen is fine enough to exclude the omnivorous lesser mealworm, Alphitobius diaperinus (Panzer). 2008. For example, Carcinops pumilio has been reported from piles of discarded yeast in bakeries (Jennings 1900), stored grain, flour, and waste grain in granaries and flour mills (Dieuzeide and Tempère 1924; Joy 1932; Cotton and Good 1937), and wheat both in the field and storage (Cotton and Winburn 1941; Coombs and Woodroffe 1968). Black-light trapping (better from March to June) and attractant-based traps (better from June to August) are both effective for collecting Carcinops pumilio for this purpose (Kaufman et al. "Peg" beetle is likely from the appearance of the beetle protruding from its excavation in a log, like a carpenter's peg. Coleoptera taken from bait-traps. In natural areas, these beetles have been found in various types of moist organic detritus (wet and decaying plant matter, animal carrion, and animal/human feces) where they can find their immature fly prey (Ganglbauer 1899; Bousquet and Laplante 2006; Bajerlein et al. Second instars and adult beetles are more common in manure with moisture contents between 70% and 75% (Achiano and Giliomee 2006a). IPM strategies for establishing populations of Carcinops pumilio include the use of low residual pyrethrin insecticides to target adult fly populations while beetle populations increase and insecticidal treatment of the entire poultry house for Alphitobius diaperinus after removal of manure packs (Watson et al. 1983). House fly predators in poultry manure and environmental factors affecting them. About Animal Names; Educational Resources; Special Collections; Glossary; Browse Animalia; More Information. 1983), but this could be an underestimate based on Geden and Axtell (1988) (see section on Economic Importance). Species, Insect - beetle (Coleoptera), Terrestrial More fully "hister beetle". Mortality of eggs and first-stage larvae of the house fly, Fauna Austriaca. Polish Taxonomical Society. Second instar larvae are about twice as large as the first instar larvae (Achiano and Giliomee 2005) (Figure 3). To prevent this occurrence, poultry producers actively manage the manure accumulations, including the proactive use of biological control agents such as purchased parasitoid wasps and the within-farm transfer (between poultry buildings) of Carcinops pumilio. U.S. Department of Agriculture. Figure 4. Occurrences in solid gray are based on published data from the literature or museum specimen databases. Gielis C, Nunen F van, Solleveld P. 2014. A summarized list of synonyms of Carcinops pumilio (Erichson) is given below (following Mazur 1997; Bousquet and Laplante 2006; Lackner et al. 2000; GBIF 2012; Lackner et al. Country-level locality records for Carcinops pumilio. Parasitoid wasp species that attack fly pupae, including Muscidifurax raptorellus Kogan and Legner, can be used along with Carcinops pumilio in a house fly IPM program in poultry houses (Kaufman et al. Fletcher et al. Some of these species include Ivory Marked beetle, the Iron Clad beetle, and the Hister beetle. Populations of Carcinops pumilio augmented with attractant-based traps collected individuals that will likely grow more quickly than those augmented with black-light trapped individuals (Kaufman et al. When adult house fly numbers are high, a portion of the fly population may disperse from the poultry facility and accumulate at nearby residential areas, potentially causing conflict at this agricultural-urban interface. They are so small that when they tuck their legs in under themselves, they can be mistaken for tiny black seeds. In this system, house flies will lay their eggs on the accumulating manure. Scientific name Scientific name (unprocessed) Subspecies Species Genus Family Order Class Phylum Kingdom Identified to rank Name match metric Lifeform Common name (processed) Species subgroups Species lists. 2011. Rearing Carcinops pumilio in sufficient numbers for augmentative biological control releases is not possible. Among the more than 360,000 species of Coleoptera are many of the largest and most-conspicuous insects, some of which also have brilliant metallic Journal of Applied Ecology 5: 563-574. One idea is that the beetles "act" of feigning death is the reference. References 2016. The taxonomic history of this hister beetle is complicated and marked by confusion of the scientific names Carcinops pumilio (Erichson) and Carcinops quattuordecimstriata (Stephens) that stems from uncertainty surrounding the publication dates of these. Geden CJ, Stoffolano Jr. JG. Common. Majka CG, Klimaszewski J, Lauff RF. Symptoms Top of page. 1991; Seymour and Campbell 1993; Mullens et al. Image courtesy of . Figure 1. Die Käfer. 2015, Takahashi et al. 2015, People's Republic of China: Beijing, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Shanxi, Yunnan, Bajerlein et al. 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