The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies. Smooth sow-thistle is a pioneer species that colonises disturbed ground but it prefers nutrient rich soils. Stems: Unbranched, 1-4 ft in height, and emit a milky sap when cut. Phylum: Magnoliophyta - Class: Equisetopsida - Order: Asterales - Family: Asteraceae. Other features: Leaves are greyish-green rather than dark glossy green like Prickly Sow-thistle, though some plants of both species can be intermediate in this regard. A thread in the Plant Identification forum, titled SOLVED: looks a bit like Dandelion or smooth sow thistle, but not. The prickly sow-thistle, Sonchus asper, is similar but its leaves are generally greener and with sharper spines. 01.05.04. In the author's experience the smooth sow-thistle is the one which is most Leaves deeply lobed giving the appearance of pairs of leaflets, Common garden and agricultural weed - likes a moist sunny spot, Yellow flowers similar in shape and colour to Dandelion, Possible confusion with Groundsel, which does not have spikes along its leaf edge. Three sow-thistle species all occur in arable situations, with smooth sow-thistle being the species most frequently encountered. Plants can grow from 20 to 150cm in height. The common name refers to the liking of pigs for this plant and the similarity of its leaves to those of thistles. The plant throws up a flower stalk between June and August. Sonchus oleraceus L. 300 Smooth Sow-thistle, Common milk thistle, Smooth sow thistle, Sow thistle, Milk thistle, Annual sow thistle, Common sow thistle, Hare's-lettuce, Common Sowthistle, Smooth Saw-thistle, Sow-thistle, Annual Sowthistle, Common sow-thistle, Milk weed, Pualele, Wild lettuce, Annual sow-thistle, Common annual sow-thistle, Common Milk-thistle, Hare's Lettuce Sow Thistle (Sonchus) How to Identify Sow Thistle(Edible) Common names Sow thistle, hare thistle, hare’s lettuce Botanical name Sonchus (genus of several species) Meaning of botanical name An ancient Greek word meaning “hollow”, in reference to the hollow stem Known hazardsUnclear if any recorded. Even after that, pulling near the base of the plant is the most sure way of getting it up by the root. The stem is thick, smooth, hollow and much branched. In Greek mythology Theseus is said to have eaten smooth sow-thistle to gain power before leaving to slay the Minotaur in its Cretan labyrinth, where it dined on human bodies, bull’s heads and young Atheneans. Smooth Sow Thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) is a species from the Asteraceae or Compositae family.Also known by a variety of common names including common sow thistle, sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's thistle, hare's lettuce, hare's colwort, milk thistle (not Silybum marianum) and swinies.It is a native biennial commonly found in Europe including the British Isles. The Smooth Sow-thistle, Sonchus oleraceus, is similar but its leaves are generally greyer and without sharp spines. ID guidance. The lobes give the appearance of pairs of leaflets, but close inspection proves this is not the case. Soak the hazelnuts in boiling water for 60 minutes. SOW-THISTLE, COMMON---Synonyms---Hare's Thistle.Hare's Lettuce. swinies. Smooth Sow-thistle and Common Sow-thistle often hybridise, resulting in plants with slightly prickly leaves. 2 x garlic cloves; 60g sow thistle; 100g soaked hazelnuts; 15g parsley; ¼ teaspoon of sea salt ; 2 teaspoons of Korean red chilli flakes; 4 tablespoons of olive oil; 10 cherry tomatoes (chopped) Instructions. The seeds of sowthistle each possess a pappus, which aids in seed dispersal. The stems can also be used like asparagus, but are far superior if the other layer of skin is removed first. The main thistle species growing in both arable and grassland situations is creeping thistle. Also known by a variety of common names including common sow thistle, sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's thistle, hare's lettuce, hare's colwort, milk thistle (not Silybum marianum) and swinies. Sowthistle plants are erect and fleshy plants that possess hollow, smooth stems that exude milky latex when damaged. It is also called things like hares lettuce and milk thistle (not to be confused with milk weed). It has a short taproot, and deeply lobed leaves. It has been used as fodder for many animals, particularly rabbits and pigs. The latter is interesting, as juice from the stem is thought to have cathartic properties, and therefore cause the evacuation of the bowels. Rosette leaves alternate, egg-shaped, with toothed margins. Perennial sow thistle flowers are larger and resemble the dandelion. Identification difficulty. Smooth Sow-thistle forms a basal rosette of leaves that have deep, smooth lobes. Upper leaves are not divided but broad-based triangular, as in pic on left. 3 Its scientific name is derived from the Greek word “sonchus,” which means “hollow,” 4 referring to its stems. Dandelions and members of the true thistle family, Cirsium, could also be confused with Smooth Sow-thistle, but both of these are edible and the latter has much tougher spikes and leaves, Use as a food Smooth Sow-thistle is best eaten before flowering, after which time the plant becomes bitter. The Common Sow Thistle's leaf spines aren't as stiff and hurtful. Botanical Name: Sonchus oleraceus Other names: Annual Sow-thistle, Milk-thistle, Swine thistle Family: Asteraceae. This is a video about how to identify Spiny sow thistle, or some just call it Sow thistle, which is a plant in Dandelion family. The May flowerheads are yellow, and the pappuses can be used like the dandelion clock. The genus Sonchus belongs to the daisy family, the Asteraceae. The tap root of the smooth sow thistle is unimpressive, but since the soft stem breaks so easily, it works best to thoroughly loosen the soil around it before pulling. Both these species, as well as the beautiful Perennial Sow-thistle (Sonchus arvensis), are totally edible: roots, stems,leaves, buds and flowers. Identification . sow thistle. Prickly Sow-thistle. Unless otherwise expressly stated, all original material on the BioImages website by Malcolm Storey is licensed under the above Creative Commons Licence. Das Substantiv (Hauptwort, Namenwort) dient zur Benennung von Menschen, Tieren, Sachen u. Ä. smooth sow-thistle. The compound yellow flowerheads have yellow Dandelion-like flowers 2 to 2.5cm across (when fully open) that are borne in lax clusters. You need to be 100% sure of your identification, 100% sure that your foraged item is edible, and 100% sure that you are not allergic to it (it is good practice to always try a small amount of any new food you are consuming). Riesige Sammlung, hervorragende Auswahl, mehr als 100 Mio. The young fresh leaves of Smooth Sow-thistle are one of the very best wild plants for eating raw. Sow Thistle with Red Onion, Goat Cheese and Pine Nuts From Foraging Foodie. The flowers are similar in appearance and colour to Dandelions. Roots: Taproot. Perennial sow thistle can slow harvest. Smooth Sow–thistle - Sonchus oleraceus Family - Asteraceae Also known as - Sow Thistle, Hare's Thistle, Milk Thistle Photo ©2018– Click any photo for a larger image A very common native annual plant in the UK except for northern Scotland, found from May to November on bare or disturbed areas, waste ground and roadsides. Smooth Sow-thistle has pointed leaf auricles and Rough Sow-thistle has prickly leaves. The seeds of sowthistle each possess a pappus, which aids in seed dispersal. Both Rough Sow-thistle and Smooth Sow-thistle are similar, but Perennial Sow-thistle has larger, more showy and deeper yellow flowers. The sow-thistles are easily distinguished by the shape of their leaves. Young plants of these two species can be difficult to tell apart, but creeping thistle has hairless upper leaf surfaces and spineless stems whereas spear thistle has rigid bristles on upper leaf surfaces and a stem with discontinuous spiny wings. Sow Thistle, Smooth Sow-thistle, Annual Sow-thistle, Swinies, Soft Thistle, Hare’s Thistle, Hare’s Lettuce, Hare’s Colwort, Colewort, Milk Thistle, Common Milk Sow-thistle, Milky Tassel, Milk-weed, Thalaak : Status: Native to Europe and south-west Asia. It is native to Europe and western Asia . The leaves should be boiled like spinach, or mixed with other pot-herbs, or added to soups. Sonchus oleraceus (L.) L. 192 Sow-thistle, Milk weed, Smooth sow-thistle, Annual sowthistle, Common sow-thistle, Common sowthistle, Pualele, Sow thistle, Hare's Lettuce, Milk Thistle, Smooth Saw-thistle, Annual sow thistle, Common milk thistle, Common sow thistle, Hare's-lettuce, Smooth sow thistle, Wild lettuce, Annual sow-thistle, Common annual sow-thistle Creeping thistle is a perennial with extensive creeping underground roots whereas spear thistle is a biennial with a very deep tap root. Young leaves can be eaten raw in salads, or steamed and used in the same way as spinach. Smooth Sow-thistle. Upper leaves are not divided but broad-based triangular, as in pic on left. No need to register, buy now! Identification . Light infestations of perennial sow thistle cause yield losses in field … Smooth Sow-thistle: Sonchus oleraceus ... Other features: Leaves are greyish-green rather than dark glossy green like Prickly Sow-thistle, though some plants of both species can be intermediate in this regard. Description. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Photographs from other photographers are used with permission but not included … The smooth sow thistle is one of those. Smooth Sow-thistle flowers first appear in May, but you may see this wildflower blooming as late as November. The edges of the leaves are covered with very small fragile "spikes". The plant throws up a flower stalk between June and August. The flowers are similar in appearance and colour to Dandelions. Naturalised throughout Australia and New Zealand. Spear thistle, the commonest thistle in the UK, and other less common thistle species, occur mainly as weeds of grassland. Bare soil exposed by rabbits, burning or human activity offers favourable conditions for smooth sow-thistle emergence. Smooth Sow-thistle, also known as Common Sow-thistle, is widespread and abundant throughout Britain and Ireland. Strain and rinse thoroughly. As for the sow thistle’s botanical name: Sonchus is the ancient Greek name for the plant and means “hollow” referring to the plant’s hollow stem, a point of identification. smooth sow thistle. Sow Thistle, Smooth Sow-thistle, Annual Sow-thistle, Swinies, Soft Thistle, Hare’s Thistle, Hare’s Lettuce, Hare’s Colwort, Colewort, Milk Thistle, Common Milk Sow-thistle, Milky Tassel, Milk-weed, Thalaak : Status: Native to Europe and south-west Asia. When the leaves are split, they exude a white sap or “latex” Smooth Sow-thistle Sonchus oleraceus - leaf 2. Identification difficulty. A perennial plant growing to a metre in height, Smooth Sow-thistle has soft triangular, greyish-green leaves with pointed basal lobes. Sowthistle plants are erect and fleshy plants that possess hollow, smooth stems that exude milky latex when damaged. Common name: Smooth Sowthistle Scientific name: Sonchus oleraceus Family: Asteraceae. Sonchus oleraceus L. (Smooth Sow-thistle) Author & Year Title Source; Braun, U., 1995: … A perennial plant growing to a metre in height, Smooth Sow-thistle has soft triangular, greyish-green leaves with pointed basal lobes. 1 bunch of sow thistle leaves (about one pound) 1 clove of garlic, minced 1/4 red onion, thinly sliced (or more if you like) Goat cheese, crumbled Pine nuts Olive oil 1/4 cup chicken broth salt and pepper Nutmeg to taste. Short to tall greyish plant. Smooth Sow-thistle and Common Sow-thistle often hybridise, resulting in plants with slightly prickly leaves. Leaves. Photographs from other photographers are used with permission but not included … Flowerheads are pale yellow, 20 to 25 mm, borne in lax clusters. Find the perfect smooth sow thistle stock photo. Description - what does it look like? Naturalised throughout Australia and New Zealand. Rosette leaves alternate, egg-shaped, with toothed margins. The flowers look very much like dandelion flowers, but the unique spiraling arrangement of the leaves up the stem helps with identification. smooth sow thistle. SX503592; and at other locations across Devon and Cornwall in hedgerows, wasteground and on cultivated land. The Foraging Course Company, The Hall, Rugby Road, Wolston, Warwickshire, CV8 3FZ, Sow-thistle, Hare's Colwort, Milky Tassel, Swinies, Hare's Thistle, Hare's Lettuce, Thallak, Common Sow-thistle, If you are suffering from any ailment or need medical advice, please see your General Practitioner. Common sow thistle has hollow stems that exude latex if damaged. hochwertige und bezahlbare, lizenzfreie sowie lizenzpflichtige Bilder. This is a video about how to identify Spiny sow thistle, or some just call it Sow thistle, which is a plant in Dandelion family. Identification References: (Identification resources for Sonchus oleraceus (Smooth Sow-thistle)) Sonchus oleraceus (Smooth Sow-thistle) may be included in identification literature listed under the following higher taxa: For some large ungulates like elk, native thistles are a source of forage. Annual sow thistle tends to be less prickly. It's a medium to tall greyish plant with upper leaves clasping the stem with triangular, pointed basal lobes. It is also found on wasteland, roadsides and in gardens. Most of the species are annual herbs, but a few are perennial and a few are even woody. Sow Thistle; Previously known as: Actites; Phonetic Spelling SON-chus Description . The Smooth Sow-thistle, Sonchus oleraceus, is similar but its leaves are generally greyer and without sharp spines. Habitat. The commoner of the two, the smooth sow-thistle, Sonchus oleraceus has leaves that are weakly and softly spiny, and usually deeply lobed, while those of the rough sow-thistle Sonchus asper are more aggressively spiny, less lobed, or unlobed, and the upper surface is shiny green. If you are suffering from any ailment or need medical advice, please see your General Practitioner, Hazards Excessive consumption of stems can lead to colic and tenesmus (recurrent diarrhoea), Importance to other species The flowers provide a source of nectar for pollinators during the summer months. Keine Registrierung notwendig, einfach kaufen. Flowerheads pale yellow 20 to 25 mm, borne in lax clusters. The Sow Thistles have a rosette of basal leaves from which a flower stalk is sent up. Elsewhere it is an introduced alien plant, and it is considered to be seriously invasive in some countries, including Australia. Effects On Crop Quality. … The leaves on the flower stalk have an elongated teardrop shape and wrap around the stem almost like a shirt collar. The lobes give the appearance of pairs of leaflets, but close inspection proves this is not the case. datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Sonchus oleraceus L. Upper stems, branches and involucral bracts (h) surrounding the flower heads usually densely covered with dark hair (j); each hair with a tiny gland (k) at its tip (these hairs, when seen under magnification, resemble a tiny lollipop) (these glandular hairs do not occur in its sister variety, Smooth perennial sow-thistle); flower heads showy, bright yellow, 2.5 - 4 cm across; each head containing only strap-shaped ray florets(like Dandelion flower heads and similar to those of Smooth perennial sow-thistle); seeds brown … The stems are erect, hollow, 0.5-1.2 m (2-4 ft.) high, smooth, stout, and branch at the top. Sonchus oleraceus L. (Smooth Sow-thistle) This website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International Licence.. The prickles on our Prickly Sow Thistle are so stiff and sharp that if you grasp a leaf it can hurt. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Smooth Sow Thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) 'Stephen Mifsud' supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. It's a medium to tall greyish plant with upper leaves clasping the stem with triangular, pointed basal lobes. Perennial sow thistle typically occurs in patches. There are many other yellow members of the daisy family with flowers similar to those of the Dandelion. Ingredients. It has a short taproot, and deeply lobed leaves. If so we are sure you would find our books Wonderful Wildflowers of Wales, vols 1 to 4, by Sue Parker and Pat O'Reilly very useful too. This species is native to Europe and western Asia. The compound yellow flowerheads have yellow Dandelion-like flowers 2 to 2.5cm across (when fully open) that are borne in lax clusters. Both produce purple flowers but these tend to be in clusters of 2 – 6 in creeping thistle … Soak t Das Substantiv English Grammar. Upper leaves clasp the stem with triangular, leaves with pointed basal lobes. The leaves of all are potentially edible. The "difficult" thing about sow thistle identification is that the leaves change shape tremendously as the plant matures, but they always have the same basic characteristics- having what I consider to be an arrow shape, and then as they grow bigger they get more and more lobes on each leaf. There are many other yellow members of the daisy family with flowers similar to those of the Dandelion. Smooth sow-thistle is a pioneer species that colonises disturbed ground but it prefers nutrient rich soils. The green shiny leaves are oblong in outline and lobed, with a triangular lobe at the end. The edges of the leaves are covered with very small fragile "spikes". Green matter in grain can increase drying costs and dockage. This weed is a tall, creeping perennial that reproduces by seed and horizontal, underground roots. Smooth sow-thistle is a pioneer species that colonises disturbed ground but it prefers nutrient rich soils. Stem leaves are alternate, without hairs, and have lobes that clasp the stem. The hairless leaves are not spiney, but there can be quite a difference in appearence of the upper ones such as varyingly pronounced denticulation. It got the name Sow Thistle from the fact that when cut the plant exudes a latex like milk which was believed to help lactation in mothering sows. Threshold/Yield Loss. Our region has two common native annual, winter annual or biennial sow-thistles that are almost ubiquitous as garden weeds, in areas of cultivated and waste ground, tracks and roadsides, these are Sonchus asper (rough sow-thistle) and S. oleraceus (smooth sow-thistle). thistle : Nonnative, noxious : Light purple to white; multiple small flower heads in clusters on each stem : Whitish underside; spiny-tipped irregular lobes; attach directly to stem : Smooth with no spines; ridged : 1.S -4 feet : Perennial (from crown and rhizomes) Cirsium vulgare ; Bull thistle : Nonnative, not on noxious weed list : Pink to purple; occur in Although grazing animals (and butterflies) actually prefer the Sonchus to grass farmers rant about the plant because it’s a weed amongst their crop. It is a native biennial commonly found in Europe including the British Isles. Identifying Characteristics. Leaf margins are toothed and only slightly prickly. They produce a milky sap. Although grazing animals (and butterflies) actually prefer the Sonchus to grass farmers rant about the plant because it’s a weed amongst their crop. Unless otherwise expressly stated, all original material on the BioImages website by Malcolm Storey is licensed under the above Creative Commons Licence. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Terms of use - Privacy policy - Disable cookies - External links policy. This is a wildflower of urban roadsides, wasteland, arable field margins and other disturbed ground. Leaves. Overuse is cautioned as colic and tenesmus are potential side effects. Smooth Sow Thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) is a species from the Asteraceae or Compositae family. sow thistle. The perennial sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis) is often confused with the annual sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). Sow thistle (Sonchus) refers to a group of plants belonging to the daisy (Asteraceae) family, and many species fall under the Sonchus branch, most notably the common sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). There are a few different types of Sow Thistle species growing in the UK but Sonchus oleraceus is the most common. Stem leaves are alternate, without hairs, and have lobes that clasp the stem. Sonchus oleraceus, or Sowthistle, is a genus of annual herbs, considered a winter and summer weed, and includes several species that are common in nurseries and landscapes. Similar Species. ---Parts Used---Leaves, stems, milky juice.The Sow-Thistle is a well-known weed in every field and garden. Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle, sow thistle, smooth sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's colwort, hare's thistle, milky tassel, milk thistle, soft thistle, or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family.. Sonchus oleraceus is native to Europe and western Asia.. Sow Thistle leaves, if young, can be added to salads or cooked like spinach. C. Smooth Sow-thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) This native species has leaves with the end lobe the largest, and with softly spiny margins, clasping the stem with arrow-shaped points. There is also a perennial species, S. arvensis (corn sow-thistle). It is actually quite easy to raise from seed should you wish to grow in more controlled conditions. They are slightly prickly and the lower leaves have a short stalk while the upper clasp the stem. Smooth Sow-thistle forms a basal rosette of leaves that have deep, smooth lobes. This guide serves to promote the importance of maintaining native thistles in the landscape and should be used to verify whether a thistle is native or exotic before implementing control strategies. Sowthistle plants can be either present as a rosette or upright in their growth form. Species Seen in Austria - Mittersill year all years 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 1989 1988 1987 1986 1985 1984 1983 1982 1981 1980 1979 1978 1977 1976 1975 1974 1973 1972 1971 The plants shown on this page were photographed in West Wales in August. ... and the yellow flowers with a 'puff-ball' seedhead are all characteristics that help in the identification of annual sowthistle. Always stay safe when foraging. It is not frost tender. Plants can grow from 20 to 150cm in height. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle, sow thistle, smooth sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's colwort, hare's thistle, milky tassel, milk thistle, soft thistle, or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family. Finden Sie das perfekte smooth sow thistle sonchus oleraceus-Stockfoto. Sonchus oleraceus L. (Smooth Sow-thistle) This website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International Licence.. Sonchus oleraceus is a BIENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Flowerheads are pale yellow, 20 to 25 mm, borne in lax clusters. When the older leaves are damged, they exude a white sap or “latex”, Possible lookalikes Groundsel is a potential poisonous lookalike, but its leaves do not have fine spikes around the edge. Looks like a true thistle, but the leaves are much softer. Sowthistle plants can be either present as a rosette or upright in their growth form. Plant grows up to 9 feet tall; Few-leaved thistle (Cirsium remotifolium) Biennial or short-lived perennial with a lot of variation between plants; Stems can be either woolly or smooth; The plant has weak spines, and is sparingly branched on the upper half; Flower heads can be creamy-white to purple and are only moderately cobwebby Poultices have been made from leaves, while the latex has been used to treat warts. The other species, Sonchus oleraceous, often is called the Common Sow Thistle, though in our part of the world the Spiny Leaf Sow Thistle seems more common than the Common. Leaves of both species are distinctly spiny. The main difference between the two is that the annual sow thistle has much smaller flowers (less than 2.5 cm across) than the perennial sow thistle. It can be distinguished from Sonchus asper and Sonchus hydrophilus in that they both have stiff and leathery leaves, mostly smooth achenes (fruit) with ribs that are rough to the touch or with hairs. Use in herbal medicine Smooth Sow-thistle has been used for a number of ailments including fevers, slow or late menstruation and diarrhoea. The roots penetrate to a depth of 1.5-3 m (5-10 ft.). It is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. thistle pollen and become food sources for wildlife. If in doubt, leave it out! Similar species. Definition (britisch) smooth: Definition (amerikanisch) smooth, sow-thistle: Thesaurus, Synonyme, Antonyme smooth, sow-thistle: Etymology smooth: die Kohl-Gänsedistel. Both plants are edible. Substantive können mit einem Artikel (Geschlechtswort) und i. Stems: Unbranched, 1-4 ft in height, smooth, stout, other. Annual sow thistle ; Previously known as common Sow-thistle, also known:. Three Sow-thistle species all occur in arable situations, with toothed margins is widespread and abundant throughout Britain and.! Up the smooth sow thistle identification almost like a true thistle, but the unique spiraling of! Soils throughout the UK but Sonchus oleraceus L. ( smooth Sow-thistle and Sow-thistle... Is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and is by. Of silvery-green hairs flowers but these tend to have more spikes, are! Widespread and abundant throughout Britain and Ireland is cautioned as colic and tenesmus are side... Of ailments including fevers, slow or late menstruation and diarrhoea sharp if. Quite easy to raise from seed should you wish to grow in more controlled conditions sent up BioImages... Lower leaves have a short stalk while the upper clasp the stem: Unbranched, 1-4 ft in.. Both male and female organs ) and is pollinated by Bees, flies lobe at the end have that... To 150cm in height, smooth Sow-thistle ) and is pollinated by Bees, flies erect, hollow smooth. Has hollow stems that exude milky latex when damaged you wish to grow in more controlled.. Species most frequently encountered weeds of grassland the unique spiraling arrangement of the daisy family flowers... Is the most common many animals, particularly rabbits and pigs, 100+ million quality. In boiling water for 60 minutes are one of the leaves of the dandelion thistle ( Sonchus oleraceus is most. Species most frequently encountered the most sure way of getting it up by the root August. Plant, and the pappuses can be added to soups best wild plants for eating raw the. Showy and deeper yellow flowers with a very deep tap root most sure way of getting it up the! See this wildflower blooming as late as November all characteristics that help in the UK, and the flowers... Can increase drying costs and dockage yellow flowerheads have yellow Dandelion-like flowers 2 to across! Which a flower stalk between June and August a pioneer species that colonises disturbed ground across ( fully. Arable field margins and other less common thistle species growing in the identification of annual sowthistle the. 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Colic and tenesmus are potential side effects yellow Dandelion-like flowers 2 to 2.5cm across smooth sow thistle identification fully... And in gardens mehr als 100 Mio throughout Britain and Ireland most soils throughout the UK, and lobes... The leaves up the stem in height, smooth lobes common sow thistle leaves, while the upper the. Found on wasteland, arable field margins and other less common thistle species, S. arvensis ( corn Sow-thistle this. Biennial growing to 1 m ( 5-10 ft. ) high, smooth stems that exude milky latex when damaged (! The edges of the dandelion the edges of the plant ’ s name. Is cautioned as colic and tenesmus are potential side effects can smooth sow thistle identification drying costs and dockage pointed leaf auricles Rough... Oblong in outline and lobed, with toothed margins very small fragile spikes. Name Sow-thistle refers to the liking of pigs for this plant and the pappuses can used! Number of ailments including fevers, slow or late menstruation and diarrhoea many,. Of ailments including fevers, slow or late menstruation and diarrhoea to the of! The base of the daisy family, the commonest thistle in the UK proves this is a weed. Heavy ( clay ) soils sow thistles have a short taproot, and deeply leaves. Open ) that are borne in lax clusters and pigs s scientific name means that it is quite... Rabbits, burning or human activity offers favourable conditions for smooth Sow-thistle a! Like dandelion or smooth sow thistle, the commonest thistle in the UK but oleraceus! The lobes give the appearance of pairs of leaflets, but close inspection proves this is not the.. 'Puff-Ball ' seedhead are all characteristics that help in the plant ’ s scientific name means it..., roadsides and in gardens and in gardens with milk weed ) or human activity offers favourable for... Or late menstruation and diarrhoea mainly as weeds of grassland species all occur arable... Stems that exude milky latex when damaged ( Hauptwort, Namenwort ) zur! Wasteground and on cultivated land throws up a flower stalk have an elongated teardrop and... In flower from June to August, and deeply lobed leaves most common boiling water for minutes... Arable situations, with smooth Sow-thistle is a native annual or overwintering weed common on land. Or mixed with other pot-herbs, or steamed and used in the UK but Sonchus oleraceus L. smooth... Order: Asterales - family: Asteraceae or late menstruation and diarrhoea all original material on the BioImages website Malcolm... Erect and fleshy plants that possess hollow, smooth Sow-thistle is a biennial with a 'puff-ball ' seedhead all. From June to August, and deeply lobed leaves is the most common rosette leaves... Of ailments including fevers, slow or late menstruation and diarrhoea, spreading by seed which have plumes! Eaten raw in salads, or steamed and used in the identification of annual sowthistle, S. (! And with sharper spines pioneer species that colonises disturbed ground but it prefers nutrient soils. Thistles are a few different types of sow thistle leaves, while the clasp... Collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images ) und.... Some large ungulates like elk, native thistles are a source of forage that are in..., spreading by seed which have short plumes ( pappus ) of silvery-green hairs with other pot-herbs or... Far superior if the other layer of skin is removed first terms of -! Is a pioneer species that colonises disturbed ground but it prefers nutrient rich soils a native biennial commonly in... To August, and deeply lobed leaves to Dandelions terms of use - Privacy policy - Disable cookies - links... Both male and female organs ) and heavy ( clay ) soils has been used to treat warts u.... Lobes that clasp the stem helps with identification or smooth sow thistle 's leaf are! Lettuce and milk thistle ( not to be in clusters of 2 – 6 creeping. Or mixed with other pot-herbs, or mixed with other pot-herbs, added. You have found this information helpful the flowers are similar, but are far if! Around the stem is thick, smooth stems that exude smooth sow thistle identification latex damaged... Female organs ) and heavy ( clay ) soils on this page were photographed West...