Muhammad is the prophet and founder of Islam. Of all the gods worshipped, it is believed that Allah was considered the greatest and the only one without an idol. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) had named him after Prophet Ibrahim (PBUH). Allah, praise, sanctify and grant peace to one named Ahmad (themost praised), may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him.3. His youngest daughter, Fāṭimah, married Muhammad’s cousin ʿAlī, the fourth of Muhammad’s successors as leader of the Muslim community. Gradually the people of Mecca turned to polytheism and idolatry. Muslims and Baha'is believe he was a messenger and a prophet of Allah ().He is believed to be a descendant of Ishmael, a son of Abraham, and the last of all prophets (the seal of the prophets).He is seen as an example for all Muslims to follow. In Muslim families, the name is … The third wife of the Prophet Muhammad is Aisha bint Abu Bakr. All things considered, there is no compelling reason to suggest that the basic scaffolding of the traditional Islamic account of Muhammad’s life is unhistorical. The principle of aniconism (opposition to the use of icons or religious idols) was an early feature of Islam, though under some historical dynasties or in some regions the prohibition was only partially or selectively enforced—e.g., under the ʿAbbāsid dynasty (750–1258) it applied only to public buildings. Biography according to the Islamic tradition, Status in the Qurʾān and in post-Qurʾānic Islam, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Muhammad, JewishEncyclopedia.com - Biography of Mohammed, Muhammad - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Muhammad - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). After his clan withdrew its protection, he fled to Medina in 622 and repulsed two attacks by Meccan forces in 625 and 627. Muhammad was the prophet and founder of Islam. According to Islamic tradition, the Qurʾān, understood as a literal transcription of the speech of God (Allah), was revealed to Muhammad in stages by the archangel Gabriel, beginning in 610. Many Muslims believe that Muhammad is the only individual to have seen both Heaven and Hell while still living. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Moreover, a number of rudimentary details about Muhammad are confirmed by non-Islamic sources dating from the first decades after Muhammad’s traditional date of death. He was the head of the tribe Quraish. Muhammad Ali was a heavyweight boxing champion with an impressive 56-win record. This is not to suggest that there was necessarily an element of deliberate fabrication at work, at least at the level of a compiler like Ibn Isḥāq, who was clearly not inventing stories from scratch. Aisha: Ā’ishah bint Abī Bakr, fondly called the ‘Mother of the Believers’, was one of the wives of … In 610 he experienced a vision of the archangel Gabriel. The name of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) mother was Hazrat Bibi Aminah. She (Aisha) lived with the Prophet Muhammad for 9 years. Muhammad was born around 570, AD in Mecca (now in Saudi Arabia). Besides her, all the wives of the Prophet Muhammad were widows. Hence, even if one accepts that the Qurʾānic corpus authentically documents the preaching of Muhammad, taken by itself it simply does not provide sufficient information for even a concise biographical sketch. Prophet Muhammad’s fourth wife was Hafsah, the daughter of one of Prophet Muhammad’s closest confidantes, Umar ibn Al-Khattab. The Story Of Prophet Muhammad: Early Life Of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ)In the 570th year of our era a boy was born who was named after Muhammad and who was destined to become the Prophet of one of the greatest religions of the world, Islam. Prophet Mohammed and Aisha married when Aisha was about nine years old, … An important collector of such early traditions was ʿUrwah ibn al-Zubayr, a relative of ʿĀʾishah who was probably born in 643–644 and who is plausibly viewed as having had firsthand access to former companions of the Prophet. However, Shi’a tradition states he welcomed the message from the Angel Gabriel and was deeply inspired to share his experience with other potential believers. As of 2015, there are over 1.8 billion Muslims in the world who profess, “There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is his prophet.”. At least to historians who are reluctant to admit reports of divine intervention, the problem is reinforced by the miraculous elements of some of the material included in Ibn Isḥāq’s work. According to Islamic tradition, his father died before Muhammad was born, and his mother died when he was a young child. The name of his (S.A.W) grandfather was Abd al-Muttalib. For example, before Muhammad’s emigration to Medina he is said to have received an oath of allegiance by twelve inhabitants of the city, an obvious parallel to the Twelve Apostles, and during the digging of a defensive trench around Medina Muhammad is said to have miraculously sated all the workers from a handful of dates, recalling Jesus’ feeding of the multitude. Calligraphy Name of prophet Mohammed. By now, Muhammad had plenty of forces and the balance of power had shifted away from the Meccan leaders to him. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Due to which he altered his soldier’s course. The name Muhammad has broken into a parenting website’s top 10 list of most popular baby boy names for the very first time. After the conflict with Mecca was finally settled, Muhammad took his first true Islamic pilgrimage to that city and in March, 632, he delivered his last sermon at Mount Arafat. On one of his pilgrimages in 610, he was meditating in a cave on Mount Jabal aI-Nour. https://www.biography.com/religious-figure/muhammad. Besides going against long standing beliefs, the condemnation of idol worship had economic consequences for merchants who catered to the thousands of pilgrims who came to Mecca every year. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. He undertook his miraculous Night Journey (Isrāʾ) from Mecca to Jerusalem, where he prayed with Moses, Jesus, and other prophets. By carefully comparing accounts, scholars have identified common elements that were in circulation by the late 7th century, and some rudimentary details are confirmed by non-Islamic sources (e.g., a Syriac chronicle and an Armenian history) dating to the first few decades after his traditional death date. Allah, praise, sanctify and grant peace to one named Muhammad (thepraised), may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him.2. Salman Rushdie is a British-Indian novelist best known for the novels 'Midnight's Children' and 'The Satanic Verses,' for which he was accused of blasphemy against Islam. The name Muhammad (ﷺ) was given to the Prophet by his mother and grandfather.. The Prophet Muhammad died when she was 18 years old. In the final major confrontation, The Battle of the Trench and Siege of Medina, Muhammad and his followers prevailed and a treaty was signed. Get Asma-e-Muhammad (PBUH) in video format Moreover, in all his actions and dealings, he was ever mindful and fearful of God. “Muhammad” is the name which is repeated many times in the Qur’an, the name “Ahmad” was mentioned by Prophet ^Isa. A few days later, `Abdul Muttalib held a feast. It is believed to have been built by Abraham (Ibrahim to Muslims) and his son Ismail. Islamic tradition holds that the first persons to believe were his wife, Khadija and his close friend Abu Bakr (regarded as the successor to Muhammad by Sunni Muslims). Hafsah had been married at a young age and participated … Hafsa was the daughter of Umar ibn Al- Khattab. She is the only virgin woman married to the Prophet Muhammad. When asked why they chose this name and the reactions they received, the parents who had chosen the name Muhammad answered in the following way: Hatice Tarhan: There are a number of reasons why I chose the name Muhammad, but the most important is that it is the name of our Prophet. `Abdul Muttalib took the baby to the Holy Ka'bah, and thanked God for this gift. Muhammad united Arabia into a single Muslim polity, with the Quranas well as his teachings and practices forming the basis of Islamic re… He spent his entire life in what is now the country of Saudi Arabia, from his birth about 570 CE in Mecca to his death in 632 in Medina. Hafsa was also previously married. Aisha bint Abu Bakr. `Name of Prophet Muhammad` Illustration Vector in gold color and maroon background. According to Islamic doctrine, he was a prophet, sent to preach and confirm the monotheistic teachings of Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets. In his early teens, Muhammad worked in a camel caravan, following in the footsteps of many people his age, born of meager wealth. This digest does not aim to separate historical fact from later legend. He led the Farewell Pilgrimage to Mecca, the precedent for the hajj, in 632, the year of his death. At age 40, he began to have revelations from Allah that became the basis for the Koran and the foundation of Islam. The following section will nonetheless provide a concise digest mainly of Ibn Isḥāq’s version of the life of the Prophet. He accepted and over the years the happy union brought several children. He was born in Mecca as a member of the ruling Hashim clan of the tribe of Quraysh. Muhammad was an Arab religious, social, and political leader and the founder of Islam. Some weeks later, the child was born, and named Muhammad. By 630 he had unified most of Arabia under a single religion. His father died before he was born and he was raised first by his grandfather and then his uncle. Those Who Chose the Name of Muhammad. He belonged to a poor but respectable family of the Quraysh tribe. However, the text provides no dates for any of the historical events it alludes to, and almost none of the Qurʾānic messenger’s contemporaries are mentioned by name (a rare exception is at 33:37). Their marriage was an astute political alliance. Prophet Muhammad has many names, some of the names has been mentioned in the Holy Quran such as Basheer,Nadheer,Rauuf,Raheem.Shaahid,Shaheed,Mubashshir,Rasuul among others. © 2020 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. “I think its revolutionary for Barbie to take a stand in this moment that we’re in," Muhammad told People magazine. I always thought that "All children who come to the world should carry this name; no other name is as suitable and every family should have one Muhammad." Certain tensions with the Islamic narrative of the Prophet’s life remain, however. It truly speaks of the ambiguous nature of Indonesia’s controversial Information and Electronic Transactions Act (UU ITE) that a cleric was reported to the police for alleged violation of the law after he told a story in public that he met with Prophet Muhammad in a dream. Most such information thus comes from the sīrah (“biography”) literature, consisting of accounts of his life by various writers dating mainly from the 8th and 9th centuries. Nonetheless, some accretion of popular legend around a figure as seminal as Muhammad would be entirely expected. Elijah Muhammad rose from poverty to become the charismatic leader of the black nationalist group Nation of Islam, and mentor of Malcolm X and Louis Farrakhan. For example, some of the non-Islamic sources present Muhammad as having still been alive when the Arab conquerors invaded Palestine (634–640), in contrast to the Islamic view that the Prophet had already passed away at this point. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was a direct descendant of the Prophet Ibrahim (AS) ... then name him Muhammad." Sensing a threat, Mecca’s merchants and leaders offered Muhammad incentives to abandon his preaching, but he refused. Mohammad. Muhammad was born in 570 CE in the city of Mecca of the Hejaz province of Arabia. For instance, a Syriac chronicle dating from about 640 mentions a battle between the Romans and “the Arabs of Muhammad,” and an Armenian history composed about 660 describes Muhammad as a merchant who preached to the Arabs and thereby triggered the Islamic conquests. However, when his message condemned idol worship and polytheism, many of Mecca’s tribal leaders began to see Muhammad and his message as a threat. the prophet muhammad, prophet muhammad, the prophet muhammad birthday, the prophet muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasallam, the prophet muhammad peace be upon him, the prophet muhammad quotes, the prophet muhammad family tree, the prophet muhammad s birthday holiday, the prophet muhammad full name, the prophet muhammad story, mercy messenger Allah, praise, sanctify and grant… The fact that such biographical narratives about Muhammad are encountered only in texts dating from the 8th or 9th century or even later is bound to raise the problem of how confident one can be in the sīrah literature’s claim to relay accurate historical information. Upon his return to Medina to his wife’s home, he fell ill for several days. Finally, it is distinctly possible that some reports about events in Muhammad’s life emerged not from historical memory but from exegetical speculation about the historical context of particular verses of the Qurʾān. Though he was a man, he was far removed from all evil characteristics and strove solely for the sake of God and His reward in the Hereafter. Most of his early life was spent as a merchant. Names of the Prophet (Pbuh) Our web site has a large number of names of Prophet Muhammad. We strive for accuracy and fairness. Soon, Muhammad began to gather a small following, initially encountering no opposition. All of the prophets were grateful but our Prophet was the most thankful and grateful to his Creator. Moreover, some of the narratives in question are patently adaptations of biblical motifs designed to present Muhammad as equal or superior to earlier prophetic figures such as Moses and Jesus. Muhammad (Arabic: محمد ‎; pronounced ; c. 570 – 8 June 632) was the founder of Islam. Muhammad, in full Abū al-Qāsim Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib ibn Hāshim, (born c. 570, Mecca, Arabia [now in Saudi Arabia]—died June 8, 632, Medina), the founder of Islam and the proclaimer of the Qurʾān. The following are two traditions from the seerah by Ibn Kathir, about the reason behind the name:. He is usually said to have had 14 wives or concubines during his lifetime. Updates? He is believed to be the final prophet of God in all the main branches of Islam, though some modern denominations diverge from this belief. Many of the tribes living in the Arabian Peninsula at the time were nomadic, trading goods as they crisscrossed the desert. Increasingly, the resistance to Muhammed and his followers grew and they were eventually forced to emigrate from Mecca to Medina, a city 260 miles to the north in 622. Muhammad was the prophet and founder of Islam. 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